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2013年考研英语完型解题之十大逻辑关系解析
外语角_烟台外语角   2012-09-16 09:25:07 作者:Mary 来源: 文字大小:[][][]
众所周知,英语文章最重“逻辑”。逻辑关系题在完型中,每年必考,考查题目数为2至8道,弄清句子之间逻辑关系的意义不仅在做对逻辑关系题,对全文理解及逻辑关系外的其它所有选项都具有指导意义。以下为总结的完型十大逻辑关系及标志词,希望对2013年考研考生具有一定参考意义。

  并列关系:

  标志词:and; and also; or; neither nor; either or; not only…but (also)…; in the same  way; that is to say; similarly; likewise; equally; as well as, same…as;

  递进关系:

  标志词:also; then; besides; in addition; additionally; furthermore; what is more; moreover; indeed; apart from;above all

  因果关系:

  标志词:because; for; since; as; therefore; consequently; hence; so; thus; so…that; such… that; in order that; accordingly(因此;于是;相应地); due to; thanks to; as a result; in that(= because); now that(既然); because of; considering that, seeing that; in response to; for this reason;

  Eg. Now that you are grown up, you should not rely on your parents.

  转折关系:

  标志词:but; however; on the contrary; contrarily; by contrast; in contrast; conversely; instead of ; rather than; unlike, on the other hand; unfortunately;

  让步关系:

  标志词: although; though; even though; even; even if; nevertheless; despite; in spite of; while; as;

  Eg. While he loves his students, he is very strict with them.

  King as he was, he was not happy / Child as he is, he knows a lot.

  Hard though/as he tried, he failed.

  列举关系

  标志词  first\second\last of all; in the first place\in the second place inally; to begin with\ to continue; first…then; on one hand…on the other hand; for one thing…for another; one…another; some…others…still others;

  对比关系

  标志词 while; whereas ; as; instead of; rather than; not…but;

  时间关系

  标志词 when; whenever, before; after; since; as; while; until; till; simultaneously; meanwhile; in the meantime, at the same time;

  条件关系

  标志词 if; only if; if only; unless, otherwise; as soon as; as long as; providing that; provided that; on condition that; when; whenever; with;

  举例关系

  标志词 such as, for example, for instance, of (these, those, them); among (these, those, them), to illustrate, as an illustration, to take an example, more specifically speaking, namely.

  总结:句子间的逻辑关系不仅在完型中及其重要,在阅读、写作中亦具重大意义。考生在复习真题时,应有意识地留意分析句子的逻辑词,了解英语文章行文逻辑,进而总结英语文章的总体结构特征。
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